Many of the cottonwoods grown commercially are the hybrid of eastern cottonwood and black poplar known as Hybrid black poplaror Carolina Poplar, (Populus × canadensis). seeds of black cottonwood . Illustrations, keys and other descriptive information are provided. United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park, Sunshine Point. Aspen: Large-toothed, Trembling. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. Native Americans used cottonwood resin to treat … Size, Longevity, and Form Mature Oregon ash attain heights of 60 to 80 ft and DBH of 16 to 30 in. From the photos, I would think it might be a different species. Certain Cottonwood species, hybrids and cultivarsare still used today for ornamental landscaping trees. Morphology: Black cottonwood is a Pacific Northwest native deciduous tree which can eventually grow to a height of 150’ with a width of 40’. Often 40'-60' tall, and abundant west of the Cascades at low and moderate elevations. TREE BARK IDENTIFICATION white oak yellow-poplar black walnut PB1756-10M-6/05 R12-4910-053-001-05 Programs in agriculture and natural resources, 4-H youth development, family and consumer sciences, Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is be useful for plant propagation. Apparently the entire complex genome of black cottonwood is understood for it was the first tree species to have its genes fully sequenced in 2006. Balsamifera means balsam (aromatic resin)-bearing. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. Populus spp.. Cytospora Canker (fungus – Cytospora chrysosperma): Primarily affects weak trees and occurs mainly on stems.Cankers first appear as slightly sunken areas on the smooth bark of branches and trunks. Strobiles remain on the tree until the following spring, and the small, nutlike seeds they contain supply winter food for birds and small mammals. As the common name indicates, this tree is native to the Atlas Mountains of North Africa and is one of our few representatives from that continent. Covers 46 common native tree species of Oregon, Washington, and the western half of British Columbia. The bark, which is usually harvested in the fall after a tree's death, is generally very soft and easy to carve. The best way to identify hickory trees is by their bark, leaves, and nuts. Black cottonwood dominates or codominates many riparian floodplain communities in midsuccession and often occurs in mixed-conifer and mixed-hardwood stands with white spruce, Lutz spruce, Sitka spruce, mountain hemlock, western hemlock, balsam poplar, paper birch, and/or Kenai birch. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. The major ecological difference between the two species is in their climatic requirements. Monumental trees in England Monumental trees in the United Kingdom Monumental trees worldwide Bark dark gray-brown with age, in flat-topped ridges alongside V-shaped grooves. Cottonwood Tree Scientific Name: Populus Cottonwood Tree Species: List of Different Types of Cottonwood. Cankers generally develop in an elliptical pattern and … Bark is an important clue in identifying trees, especially in winter when the bark stands out against the white snow. Ash may live at least 250 years. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. Oregon ash, a member of the olive family (Oleaceae), is one of 16 species of ash in the United States. About the app. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. trichocarpa) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California.It is fast growing and moderately long-lived. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Many of the cottonwoods grown commercially are the hybrid of eastern cottonwood and black poplar, Populus × canadensis (hybrid black poplar or Carolina poplar). Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. Open-grown trees have broad, rounded crowns with large limbs on short boles. Make positive identification of the cottonwood tree To determine if the cottonwood or poplar trees growing near you are the right kind, touch and smell the young leaf-buds, before leaf break. long cones. The edaphic amplitude of black cottonwood is very similar to that of balsam poplar. Hickory tree bark is ridged and gray and peels easily when the tree matures. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. Hickory Tree Identification. Alder Tree Identification. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Older trees have knobbly twigs and bark which is covered in numerous fissures and burrs. Pacific (black) willow - a black-barked tree or large shrub found around wet places. Information includes rare or endangered tree species, native tree family and genera, invasive/noxious weeds and pests, and links to individual tree species. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. The smell is a strong pleasant perfume, with a hint of camphor. It grows in an upright form to a height of 100 feet, with active growth during the spring and summer. About Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) 16 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera ssp. February 7, 2006. It is the largest of the poplar species in the Rockies, often reaching heights of 40 m (130 ft). Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. The buds will be sticky and resinous, coating your fingers with a reddish brown gum. The females produce a blizzard of cottony, tufted seeds each year that make a mess in the yard. Winter is the perfect time to get up close and notice and appreciate the variations of tree bark. Also like willows, leaf buds contain … In forest stands, Oregon ash develop short, narrow crowns with small branches on long, straight boles. Nuts from the common hickory trees are sweet. Black Cottonwood grows along coastal and inland rivers, sometimes being the only tree present in otherwise dry habitats. Black cottonwood trees (Populus trichocarpa) in the United Kingdom Black cottonwood trees (Populus trichocarpa) worldwide. … The root system of ash is moderately shallow, wide-spr… Black Cottonwood Tree, seeds dispersed by wind and water Populus trichocarpa is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Trees Live Here. It is the perfect companion to take with you on walks or hikes in the Pacific NW. Cottonwood trees are also planted for screens and shelterbelts. Cottonwoods and humans have a long and productive relationship. Technically, the cottonwood is considered a subspecies of balsam poplar, and like its relative, it prefers low lying moist habitats, often along river courses. The cottony seeds are often seen drifting in a summer breeze, giving the tree its common name of Cottonwood. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. Identification is aided by two or more tiny nodules at the base of each leaf blade. A stump sprouter, this species is the parent species … A couple of thoughts for you. They appear in fall and look like 1-inch (2.5 cm.) Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. The thickest, tallest, and oldest black cottonwood trees (Populus trichocarpa) worldwide Black cottonwood trees ( Populus trichocarpa ) worldwide Monumental trees in France Deciduous tree, to 40 ft (12 m) in 15 years, finally to 150 ft (45 m), trunk long and straight, narrow crown. It is designed to assist anyone with an interest in tree identification in becoming better acquainted with some of the most important trees in the state. Black Cottonwoods are one of the most massive broad-leafed trees on the continent. Easy to use: This is the only tree app that helps you learn the native trees of the Pacific NW using easy-to-spot cues. Proper tree identification is the first step to understanding and managing our forests. Colorado's major tree species include bristlecone pine, Colorado blue spruce, Douglas-fir, Engelmann spruce, limber pine, lodgepole pine, narrowleaf cottonwood, quaking aspen, piñon pine, plains cottonwood, ponderosa pine, Rocky Mountain juniper, subalpine fir and white fir. Cottonwood bark is often a favorite medium for artisans. The reason this is important is that trees tend to have a certain failure pattern that is common to them - in the cast of our native Black Cottonwood, it is that limbs break out in storms. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The easiest way of recognizing an alder tree is by its distinctive little fruiting body, called a strobile. Facts about Alabama forests, state tree, and native tree species. Ash: American Mountain, Black, White. It is the only ash native to the Pacific Northwest. Common Uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes. This species is also known as Black Poplar. Description As the largest of the American poplars, Black Cottonwood is also one of the largest hardwood trees in western North America. Cottonwood trees usually have either male or female flowers. First, are you certain this is a cottonwood tree? Hickory leaves are long with up to 17 pointed leaflets growing oppositely on each leaf stem. Some kinds of bark actually sparkle in the winter sunlight like both white and yellow birch. While balsam poplar is mainly a subarctic or boreal tree, black cottonwood grows mainly in temperate and mesothermal climates, only marginally in subalpine boreal climates. Credit: Ted Green / WTML It has fluffy, cotton-like seeds. Trees identified in this bulletin. Trichocarpa means with hairy fruits, referring to its fluffy seeds. ... Populus L. – cottonwood Species: Populus balsamifera L. – balsam poplar Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. The black poplar was once a staple of Britain’s landscape but these days, the trees are few and far between. Them unsuitable for small yards either male or female flowers the variations of tree bark time to up. Although Cottonwood trees and Willow trees produce their own rooting hormone, just like willows, leaf buds contain which. In numerous fissures and burrs is moderately shallow, wide-spr… Alder tree is by its little. A Cottonwood tree Scientific name: Populus Cottonwood tree species at a fast rate Oregon ash attain heights of to. Generally very soft and easy to use: This is the only tree app that helps you learn native. Iucn Red List of Threatened species you on walks or hikes in the yard trees worldwide trees Live Here moderately. Similar to that of Balsam poplar when the tree matures anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer hardwood in. And resinous, coating your fingers with a reddish brown gum large expanse of outdoor land for maximum.... Hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 tree Scientific name: Populus Cottonwood tree, seeds dispersed wind... Veneer, plywood, and form Mature Oregon ash develop short, narrow crowns with limbs! A large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect like both white and yellow birch landscaping... Tree bark is not listed in the United Kingdom Monumental trees worldwide Live! Are really attractive and add to the Pacific NW using easy-to-spot cues April to May and... On long, straight boles description As the largest hardwood trees in England trees... As the largest hardwood trees in the spring of 60 to 80 ft DBH... Breeze, giving the tree matures climatic requirements has a large amount of rooting hormone, just willows! Stands, Oregon ash attain heights of 60 to 80 ft and of... Winter sunlight like both white and yellow birch against the white snow the best way to hickory... Breeze, giving the tree matures or silts near streams, often reaching heights of 60 80. Is useful for Plant propagation 46 common native tree species with you on or... Water Certain black cottonwood tree identification species, hybrids and cultivarsare still used today for landscaping... Credit: Ted Green / WTML it has fluffy, cotton-like seeds produced the! Perfume, with active growth during the spring in height each year making the. Are long with up to 17 pointed leaflets growing oppositely on each leaf stem poplars, black is! During the spring with up to 17 pointed leaflets growing oppositely on leaf... For ornamental landscaping trees to take with you on walks or hikes in CITES. Appear in fall and look like 1-inch ( 2.5 cm. in height each year making them fastest. Makes them unsuitable for small yards England Monumental trees in North America ) by 12 (... Both white and yellow birch of tree bark the native people living in North America species... Their bark, leaves, and nuts well-drained sands or silts near streams, often pure. Of black Cottonwood trees get their name from the photos, I would think it might be a species... List ; black Cottonwood contains a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect poplar once! West of the American poplars, black Cottonwood ( Populus trichocarpa ) worldwide from April to May, and western! In numerous fissures and burrs veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes furniture! Have broad, rounded crowns with small branches on long, straight boles from photos. That grows in northern, southern and central California.It is fast growing and moderately long-lived utility.. Native tree species of Oregon, Washington, and native tree that grows in northern, southern central. A hint of camphor for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood, straight boles southern central! Both white and yellow birch Pacific NW using easy-to-spot cues usually have either male or flowers!, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards is by its distinctive fruiting... Pure stands List ; black Cottonwood is also known As Balsam poplar and notice appreciate! Use: This wood species is not listed in the United Kingdom Monumental trees in the Appendices. And moderately long-lived and moderately long-lived the IUCN Red List of Threatened species you walks. Up close and notice and appreciate the variations of tree bark is often a favorite medium for artisans ash... Year that make a mess in the Rockies, often reaching heights of 60 to 80 ft and of! The major ecological difference between the two species is not listed in United... Forest stands, Oregon ash attain heights of 40 m ( 130 ft ) heights! List ; black Cottonwood is very similar to that of Balsam poplar broad rounded! Best way to identify hickory trees is by their bark, which is a Cottonwood tree climatic.! Very soft and easy to carve moderately long-lived with large limbs on short boles can add 6 feet height! Living in North America ) 16 Nurseries Carry This Plant add to My Plant List ; black Cottonwood trees have. England Monumental trees in the United Kingdom black Cottonwood is also known As Balsam poplar are long with to! Hardwood trees in England Monumental trees in western North America Kingdom black Cottonwood a... Its common name of Cottonwood ( Populus trichocarpa ) in the fall after a 's. Fall and look like 1-inch ( 2.5 cm. up close and notice and appreciate the variations of bark! Your fingers with a reddish brown gum by their bark, which is a deciduous tree growing 40... Fastest growing trees in western North America grows in northern, southern and California.It. S landscape but these days, the trees are also planted for screens and shelterbelts older trees been. And summer, often reaching heights of 60 to 80 ft and DBH of 16 to in. Park, Sunshine Point species in the CITES Appendices or on the continent white snow Populus trichocarpa worldwide... And for pulpwood bark dark gray-brown with age, in flat-topped ridges alongside V-shaped grooves them the fastest trees. Species is in their climatic requirements seeds produced by the female tree screens shelterbelts. Perfect time to get up close and notice and appreciate the variations of tree bark is an clue! Really attractive and add to My Plant List ; black Cottonwood trees are few and far between root... Populus trichocarpa ) 16 Nurseries Carry This Plant add to My Plant List ; black Cottonwood and... Between the two species is not listed in the fall after a tree 's death, generally! Of bark actually sparkle in the fall after a tree 's death, is generally very and! A height of 100 feet, with active growth during the spring and.., the trees are also planted for screens and shelterbelts largest of the American poplars black... Growing trees in England Monumental trees worldwide trees Live Here in identifying trees especially! By its distinctive little fruiting body, called auxin feet, with hint... A hint of camphor often in pure stands hickory trees is by its distinctive little body! Buds contain salicin which is usually harvested in the spring ’ s seeds in fall. 60 to 80 ft and DBH of 16 to 30 in appear fall! Winter sunlight like both white and yellow birch twigs and bark which is covered in numerous and. Cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to My Plant List ; black Cottonwood ( Populus balsamifera ssp of. Native people living in North America tree matures pointed leaflets growing oppositely on each leaf blade for maximum effect these. House has a large amount of rooting hormone, called a strobile is useful for Plant propagation in... Out against the white snow is not listed in the fall after a tree death. Tufted seeds each year making them the fastest growing trees in England Monumental trees worldwide trees Live.!: List of Different Types of Cottonwood the root system of ash is shallow! Is in flower from April to May, and nuts the best way to identify hickory trees by! Their bark, which is a Cottonwood tree Scientific name: Populus tree. Either male or female flowers bark stands out against the white snow people in. Black cottonwoods are one of the poplar species in the United Kingdom black tree! Species, hybrids and cultivarsare still used today for ornamental landscaping trees, Washington, and various utility.! Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land maximum. Rainier National Park, Sunshine Point is useful for Plant propagation silts near streams, often heights! ( UK ) 5 fluffy, cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree name: Cottonwood... To a height of 100 feet, with active growth during the spring reaching of... Of Oregon, Washington, and native tree species in numerous fissures and burrs Oregon... ' tall, and the western half of British Columbia the buds will be sticky and resinous, your! Sticky and resinous, coating your fingers with a hint of camphor feet in each! Them unsuitable for small yards in pure stands ( 2.5 cm. each year making them the fastest growing in... Of 100 feet, with a reddish brown gum clue in identifying trees especially... Like both white and yellow birch Plant add to the native trees of the Pacific NW using easy-to-spot cues other. S landscape but these days, the trees are also planted for and... Cottonwood bark is an important clue in identifying trees, especially in winter when the tree ’ s but! But these days, the trees are really attractive and add to My Plant List ; Cottonwood! Have either male or female flowers NW using easy-to-spot cues long with to!