Thinking rationally is a realistic assessment of the situation with a view towards rectifying the problem if possible. The gerund is commonly used after quite a few different verbs. Teaching is my passion. So have some fun with gerunds and keep tabs on just how often they appear in our everyday language. One way to spot a gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing. Yet, they're the somewhat mysterious members of the family. What is a Gerund Phrase? Let me show some examples of gerunds and gerund phrases! The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. The other two are the infinitive and the participle. A gerund phrase is created when a gerund – a verb that takes an –ing form and functions as a noun – has a modifier, object or both. Remember that the purpose of a gerund phrase is to act like a noun, so you can check it by replacing it with a noun and seeing if the sentence still makes grammatical sense: However, you should be careful not to confuse gerund phrases with participle phrases. Remember, a phrase is a group of words that work together, and have only a subject (noun) or a verb – not both. It can also be the subject of the sentence. Gerunds and gerund phrases always function as nouns. Here is an example of a sentence using a one word appositive to rename another noun. The entire phrase will function as a noun. Syntax i.e. For examples: Swimming is very good for the body. They’re very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be the object of a preposition in a prepositional phrase. 3. Gerund Phrase Examples. Direct Object. We could easily replace it with a simpler object noun to confirm that it really is an object. Since a gerund can act as a subject, it can also take objects. Vying for Gubernatorial posts is a serious ambition. Gerund: When a present participle comes without an auxiliary verb and works as a noun in the sentence, it is called a gerund. Gerund phrases are used in the same six ways that nouns and ordinary gerunds are used. 2. The present participle of a verb is the "ing" form of a verb: showering, singing, talking, driving, cooking, studying, etc. Here's an example: Let's break that down. its meaning 4. They can act as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, or objects of a preposition in a sentence. Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. (Mickey Mouse)(gerund in bold) 2. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Just as nouns sometimes function as objects in a sentence, so can gerund phrases.In this sentence, the gerund phrase running with scissors is the direct object of the verb enjoys. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the object of the preposition in the sentence. For example, in the examples below the gerund phrases answer or define the first part of the sentence. A predicate nominative completes the linking verb and renames the subject. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The differences are subtle, as shown below: How do we know the second example is not a gerund phrase? A brief explanation of the function of the gerund phrase follows each example. Teaching English is my passion. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the object of the preposition in the sentence. Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. Often, a gerund phrase includes a preposition (like at, for, in, etc.). Example 1 I love going out to restaurants. Gerund Example: It was singing that made Sarah happy. The gerund is written in bold, and the rest of the phrase is underlined. She loves cooking Italian food for me. Initially, you must know what are Gerunds and how they can be used in English grammar. There are no exceptions to this rule. Here “Breastfeeding a baby” is the gerund phrase and acts as a subject of the sentence. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Notice that gerund phrases usually include prepositions (about, at, but, by, for, from, in, into, of, on, onto, since, to, until, upon, with). But in a participial phrase, the present and past participle phrases always function as an adjective by modifying nouns and pronouns. In the following gerund phrase examples, the gerund is highlighted in bold and the entire gerund phrase is underlined. The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. The subject is the thing or person that carries out the action of the verb. While the rules of gerund phrases set out earlier help us recognize them in a sentence, gerund phrases have various uses in a sentence. Aside from the gerund itself, the other words in the phrase will include any modifiers or objects of the gerund. Breastfeeding a baby regularly can help her to do away with hunger pains. Examples: I like writing in English. One of his duties is doing homework. its function in a sentence 3. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Like all gerunds, gerund phrases also act as nouns. A Gerund Phrase just means that the Gerund has extra detail (like a modifier or an object). Walking in the rain can be difficult. Signing autographs takes time. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as a predicate nominative. Therefore, a gerund phrase is a gerund plus any of its modifiers and/or objects. Semantics i.e. The second part of a gerund phrase is the phrase. In this sentence, the gerund is “cooking”. Jon’s favorite hobby is painting stones. In other languages, specifically Dutch, Italian, or Russian, it is a verbal form that is similar to a present participle, but it functions as an adverb to form adverbial phrases or continuous tenses. Now, it’s worthwhile to know that a phrase is a group of words that would contain either a subject (which would be acting as a noun) and a verb. When an “ing” form of the verb acts as a nounit is called gerund. Examples of gerunds or gerund phrases used as the subject: Singing is one of my hobbies. Examples of Gerund: Russow admitted stealing the necklace. Examples of gerund phrases for each group are given below: In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the subject of the sentence. Object of Preposition. Given below are some examples of gerund phrases. An appositive is a phrase, usually a noun phrase, that renames another phrase or noun. Gerunds Examples: My cat’s favorite activity is sleeping. Well, it is not acting like a noun and thus does not satisfy the four rules of gerund phrases. The Gerund Phrase Recognize a gerund phrase when you find one. We enjoyed seeing each other after a long time. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. Can you believe how often we use gerunds in our everyday language? Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. As you already know that a Gerund is a verb that ends with -ing. Difference between Gerunds and Gerund Phrase with Sentence Examples. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. What is the sentence about? (Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, 1893-1986) 3. The direct object is the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the main verb. Gerund also works or functions as a noun and it can also act as a subject, object in a complete sentence. Subject Complement. The object of a preposition is simply a word or phrase that is preceded by a preposition and completes its meaning. )We could also use this gerund phrase as an indirect object.Like many indirect objects, the gerund phrase running with scissors is introduced with the preposition to. Gerund Phrase Examples. (Eating too much food is the gerund. Gerunds are the elusive shapeshifters of the English language. Therefore, they can function as the subject, object, or subject complement of a sentence. In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the indirect in the sentence. A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. The phrase will always start with a gerund. By calling all the time, Millie made a pest of herself. A gerund phrase is more detailed than a gerund. (That would be a much better idea, Tim. Singing for his supper was how he earned his keep. Let’s look at the examples of gerund phrases. A gerund phrase includes the gerund, plus any modifiers and complements. The Gerund Can be Used as an Object of a Preposition. The Gerund Can be Used as Direct Object of a Sentence. It has the force of a verb and a noun. Gerund is defined as a verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. It's about a woman writing in her journal by candlelight. The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. She loves cooking. They're interesting, too, because they give the impression of being a verb, but they're always acting as a noun. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, The Gerund phrase object in the sentence (the thing being acted upon, in this case by eating) is. However, when working as a gerund, borrowing is now a noun. The gerund phrase will either have a modifier, an object or both. Let's take a look at some examples which will clarify these unique members of the English language. I have considered buying that phone. They are also given consideration in any noun roles that could be possible in a sentence. As an object of Preposition The following examples show the gerund phrase functioning as the object of preposition. A gerund phrase is simply a noun phrase that starts with a gerund. Gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and predicate nouns. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. The second line, however, is an example of a present participle phrase … In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the direct object in the sentence. Examples of Gerund Phrase Cooking something more special than spaghetti was a good decision. Subject. The four types of gerunds and gerund phrases follow: 1. Definition A gerund is a verbal or non-finite verb and is often referred to as a verbal noun. There are three kinds of non–finiteverbs. Likewise, what is … More Examples: Driving slowly is safer for pedestrians. The doctor suggested eating lighter dinner for sleeping through the night. Going for ice cream is a real treat. A gerund phrase always starts with a gerund. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase. its word-form (formation ofwords) 2. Gerunds: A gerund is a present participle that functions as a noun. They are created out of verbs, but function as nouns. EXAMPLES: Eating too much food can cause a person to get sick. So, we can breakdown the gerund phrase like so: Get The gerund phrase is the subject of the sentence. Gerund Phrase Examples. As part of her new wellness regimen, Jenny made, The doctor suggested drinking warm milk for. It functions as a noun. In this example “Walking” has an object “to work” so “Walking to work” is the Gerund Phrase in this example. The phrase will have singular agreement with a verb. Some people call it the -ing form of a verb. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include modifiers and/or objects. A gerund phrase will follow these rules, which can help you identify a gerund phrase in a sentence: Look at these examples with the gerund phrases used in different ways: Regardless of where the gerund phrase reading books quietly appears in the sentence, it satisfies the four rules listed above. It is a word or a phrase that follows a preposition, and completes its meaning. Examples of Gerund Phrases 'Running from the law will only make things worse for criminals.' A gerund is formed by adding–ing to a verb. A gerund phrase is a group of words that will always begin with a gerund. Let’s analyze a few examples. Don’t risk attempting that move until you are fit. 50 examples of gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. For example: “I was sitting there.” Sitting looks like and acts like a verb in this instance. The doctor suggested drinking warm milk for sleeping through the night. Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. Examples include: Taking my dog for a walk is fun. Blowing bubbles on a windy day is the subject of the verb is. For example: “Do you mind my borrowing these supplies?” At a quick glance, borrowing could easily be labeled as a verb. If you remove the gerund, the sentence makes no sense.) Blowing bubbles on a windy day is a fun activity for children. The same word, when it is the gerund, functions as a noun. That sounds quite technical, so let’s break it down for a simple explanation of a gerund phrase: First, here is an example of a gerund phrase in a sentence. Gerunds can appear by themselves, or they can be part of a larger gerund phrase. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. ***Remember the entire gerund phrase becomes one giant noun. However, the subject in this case isn't the woman; it's the actual act of writing in her journal by candlelight. To determine whether a word or phrase is functioning as a gerund versus a present participle, try replacing it with the word something. Gerund as Object of Preposition. Remember, in every instance below, the gerund is working as a noun. Strolling along a beach at sunset is romantic. The Gerund Can be Used as a Subject Complement. Talking too much will get you into trouble in school. Getting a promotion is exciting. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. The indirect object is affected by the action of the verb, but it is not its main object. The object of a preposition is simply a word or phrase that is preceded by a preposition and completes its meaning. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | To understand this non-finite verb, we shall follow these rules: 1. 1. For … Making bets in the casino is bad in the long run. We can see this by replacing the phrase with a noun and seeing that it does not make sense: Tip: If the phrase is followed by a comma, then it is more likely to be participle phrase and not a gerund phrase. Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence. So… Walking to work is an activity we do every day. A gerund is a noun formed with a verb ending in ing. For example, 'yellow house,' 'high school teacher,' and 'the large dog' are all noun phrases. Spotting gerunds can be your new favorite activity! Dancing to the musicis important to learn the rhythm of Salsa. Gerund Definition. As the subject of a sentence, a gerund phrase will be the main focus, or what the sentence is about. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. It is a participle phrase, which acts like an adjective. All Rights Reserved, Gerund Examples, Meaning and Use in Sentences, As part of her writing process, she began. Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. A gerund phrase begins with a gerund. It has an object of the gerund or a modifier or both. Arithmetic is the ability to count up to twenty without taking off your shoes. Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. Running is good exercise. They have a variety of roles in a sentence and can be acted upon in varying ways: Sometimes the gerund phrase is the subject; sometimes it is the object or indirect object; other times it is the object of a preposition; and finally, it can also be the predicate nominative. Here, “Sarah” is the subject complement of the sentence because it follows the linking verb “was.” “It” is the subject and the gerund “singing” serves as the complement. Words like swimming, tying, dreaming, eating, fishing, and drinking can all be used as gerunds. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; Gerund phrases, which always function as nouns, will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Here “Vying for gubernatorial post” is the gerund phrase. It would be having both. Morphology i.e. Gerund: Basically, Gerunds are the -ing form of the verb that is acting as a noun in a given sentence. The first line is a gerund phrase that is the subject complement (predicate nominative) of the linking verb is. Gerunds – The -ing form of Verb. Examples of Gerund Phrases. Examples include swimming is fun, cleaning is tedious, or reading is relaxing. N'T have distinct singular and plural forms woman writing in her journal by candlelight sitting there. sitting. We enjoyed seeing each other after a long time for the body law! The impression of being a verb that is preceded by a preposition and completes meaning... 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