Economic value of Laterite – Lateritic Soils. The intercrops grown were : cowpea (Vigna sinansis)- dwarf type (spacing = … Major Crops Rice Staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Available N, P and K of the soil were 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60. Which crops can grow in mountain soil? Alluvial soil Alluvial soil have been deposited by the Indus, ... Andhra Pradesh and Kerala are more suitable for crops like cashew nut. The laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. The Teme valley around Tenbury Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous for its hops and fruit. Thus they are azonal soils. Formation: They are mainly derived from the debris brought down from the Himalayas or the silt left out by the retreating sea. new alluvial soil with sandy clay loam in texture. It is grown as a rainfed crop in the black cotton and medium black soils and as an irrigated crop in alluvial soils. • It can be divided into two parts:- 1. Nearly any crops can grow in mountain soil. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India. 2. Paddy, Nagli. Red soil. The alluvial soils, wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year. New questions in Social Sciences. 4. Garlic is easy to grow and it can be grown in many different soil types and climate. Wheat – (i) Wheat requires a cool growing season. Most of the cotton-growing areas in the country are in the high to medium rainfall zones. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Black Soils: The black soils are also called regur (from the Telugu word Reguda) and black cotton soils because cotton is the most important crop grown on these soils. The climatic condition of the research station was humid sub-tropical. Soil Types – Alluvial Soils: Alluvial Soil. #7. Selecting the right variety is important in garlic farming. Farmers usually have local agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing crops. Suitable Crops of Forest and Mountain Soils – These soils are excellent for tea, spices, wheat, maize, barley, coffee and tropical fruits, and temperate fruit cultivation. In areas of less rainfall particularly in Punjab and Haryana, it is grown with the help of irrigation. Laterite and lateritic soils provide valuable building material. It is a tropical crop which is grown well in alluvial plains and river deltas. Loamy, sandy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation. It's a largely regional thing. Alluvial soils are highly fertile so a large number of crops can be grown. Crops with long and deep roots are grown in this type a soil e.g. (v) It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India. Alluvial soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth. Vegetables also grow well in this soil. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil for better crops. The sowing season varies from region to region and starts early (April-May) in north India. Practically all of the irrigation is done "hand-move solid set" systems. Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat. Crops such as rice, jute, sugarcane, wheat, cotton, maize, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables are grown in alluvial soil. Care should be exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination. Then, we have soil health details -- red soil, black soil, alluvial soil and so on. Soil Classification on the Based on Color 1. When properly irrigated, the alluvial soils yield splendid crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits. In some areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests. 2) Laterites and lateritic soil. what ae the crops grown in alluvial soil. Alluvial soils are most suitable for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize and barley. Major types of soils in India. Share with your friends. Learn more about Formation of Soil and Soil Profile here. There are 6 major types of soils, and the percentage of each soil is furnished below. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Where the flood risk allows, a wide range of crops can be grown but the typically high silt and fine sand contents render exposed soil susceptible to capping during heavy rain. Black soils are most suitable for the cotton crop. These soil cover more than 35% of the total land in India. The best soil has a balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and others. 3) Deep soil – Soil depth is more than 45cm. When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc. ... Only shallow rooted crops are grown in such soil, e.g. ALLUVIAL SOIL • Alluvial soil is seen in many parts of the country. Generally, alluvial soils range from near neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction. Pulses . Coffee: Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil. To be profitable in grapes farming, you need to go with a long-term plan and substantial capital investment. Grows best in alluvial clayey soil… Loam … (ii) It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. Crop rotation is crucial for onions in the High Desert due to soil pathogens that build up. There are two main crops, namely 1 KHARIF CROPS (April–September) 2 RABI CROPS (October–March). Desert Soil. KHARIF CROPS: Rice Sorghum Pearl millet Maize Cotton Sugar cane Soybean Groundnut Jowar Bajra Sesame Jute RABI CROPS: Wheat Barley Gram Linseed Rapeseed Mustard Tobacco With its good range of climates and soils… Alluvial soil: Mostly available soil in India (about 43%) which covers an area of 143 sq.km.Widespread in northern plains and river valleys.In peninsular-India, they are mostly found in deltas and estuaries. The Soils in the district are made up of Alluvial, Black regur and Red ferruginous besides a small belt of erinaceous sandy soils along coastal belt. These soils are deficient in nitrogen (N), phosphorus and organic matter. Mountain soil tends to be rich. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate. It grows well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,heavy rainfall and humid climate. It requires a mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep fertile alluvial soil for its growth. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute. It also needs an abundant supply of cheap labour. Texture: Sandy to silty loam or clay. If you're looking for anything in particular rice is the main crop grown on the banks of the major rivers of India and I think grain is mainly grown on the banks of the Nile. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Regions – You can find Alluvial soils in most part of the delta regions of Northern India. Mango, coconut. What is alluvial soil and where is it found? Share 1. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop. Despite their shallow roots, papaya trees need deep soil that drains well. Each soil type has specific characteristics and suitable to grow only certain type of crop. Soil. Such soil is very fertile. Crops grown in alluvial soil 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help. New alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Bhangar. In the Valley of Kashmir, these are largely devoted to paddy, maize and orchards, while in the Jammu plain they are utilized for the cultivation of wheat, gram, pulse, paddy, mustard, barley, sugarcane, oilseeds, potato, bar-seen, vegetation and fodder crops. Cotton requires a well-drained soil. 5) Forest & hill soils. Add your answer and earn points. The pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. Areas: Alluvial soils are widespread in the northern plains and the river valleys. It is found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal etc. Pink root and aphids are the main causes of problems. Needs high temperature, rainfall and humidity. 2) Medium deep soil – Soil depth is 22.5 to 45cm. Suitable Crops: Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. The main types of soil in India are as follows: 1) Red soils. It appears yellow when it contains less iron or more water. Cashew, coffee, tea, cardamom, pepper, rubber, coconut and other commercial crops are grown in this soil. They have a high moisture retention capacity. I previously lived in the Cascade Mountains. Grapes. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of ideal topographical and soil conditions. CROPS GROWN: All types of crops grown in alluvial soils can be grown here but with the extensive external support of water and fertilizers. The red color of soil is due to the presence of iron oxide. Garlic is a high yield crop and garlic farming can be initiated with small startup capital, provided you have sufficient land. "We know what each farmer grows, thanks to the crop survey. Alluvial soils are being formed by the deposits of the sediments brought by rivers. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Crops with medium deep roots are grown in this type of soil e.g. 4) Alluvial soils. Here are six types of soil and what to grow in each: 1. Suitable Crops of Alluvial Soils ... Crops grown in these soils need the addition of the right fertilizers. Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of this soil. • Some of the crops grown in alluvial soil are:- Rice, Sugarcane, Wheat, Jute etc. The crops that can be grown in alluvial soils include wheat, rice, barley, maize,bajra, jowar, pea, pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, soybean, groundnut, mustard, linseed, sesame, sugarcane, jute, cotton and tobacco. A wide variety of crops is grown in these soils. Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate) Rainfall: 40-45 cm This is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rain. (iv) It is grown in alluvial and loamy soil. Sugar cane, Banana, Gram. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Their fertility is also different at different places. Black soils (Vertisols) Black soils are very dark and have a very high clay content. 7. 3) Black soil. They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil. Application of nitrogen through side-dressing to the growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen application. Jute was also known as the 'Golden Fibre'. Alluvial Soils. Grams. Brainly User Brainly User crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco,cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits are very much suited for growing in alluvial soil. I currently live in the Rocky Mountains. Colour: Light Grey to Ash Grey. , irrigated grow two crops grown in alluvial soil three crops in a year annual rainfall above 100 cm maize barley. 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