The Mormon Trail Facts. Learn. Sign Me Up, Editing resources is available exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members.To edit this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start editing! Smith said that he had been directed to the plates by an angel named Moroni, who also had given him divine tools for translating the ancient inscriptions into English. Due to religious tension, thousands of Mormons traversed this trail network beginning in February and March 1846. Pioneer Day is July 21st? On July 24, Young first saw the valley from a "sick" wagon driven by his friend Wilford Woodruff. On July 26, nine men were chosen to accompany Brigham Young and explore such places as the warm springs (present-day location of Wasatch Plunge) and Ensign Peak. However, many variant routes existed for getting the Latter-Day Saints to Fort Kearney. Mormons in America – Certain in Their Beliefs, Uncertain of Their Place in Society, Pew Research Center. Salt Lake City was laid out and designated as Church headquarters. See more ideas about Mormon pioneers, Mormon, Mormon trail. The Quincy Convention of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Latter-day Saints withdraw from Nauvoo by May 1846. All 16 of Jack Whittier’s great-grandparents passed by Chimney Rock and Scotts Bluff, as they crossed through the North Platte Valley on the Mormon Trail. --The trail was about 1,300 miles, roughly half the distance of the Oregon Trail --When the Morman Trail followed the same path as the Oregon Trail, the Mormons travelled on the north side of the Platte River, while those on the Oregon trail stayed on the south side, … Gravity. During the winter of 1846–47, the emigrants wintered in Iowa, other nearby states, and the unorganized territory that later became Nebraska, with the largest group residing in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. [2], As the senior apostle of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after Joseph Smith's death, Brigham Young assumed responsibility of the leadership of the church. From Council Bluffs, Iowa to Fort Bridger in Wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the Oregon Trail and the California Trail; these trails are collectively known as the Emigrant Trail. The first segment began in Nauvoo and ended in Winter Quarters, near modern-day Omaha, Nebraska. Following this, the first group, together with Young, left the winter quarters and headed west on April 5, 1847. Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. The Mormon Trail commenced in 1846 after Brigham Young, a natural leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, convinced a small group of fellow believers to engage in a journey westwards into uncharted regions of the United States after they were expelled from their traditional home in Nauvoo. Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. Contents. Resources created by teaching professionals. For more information about the Mormon heritage and culture, visit TempleSquare.com. Farming the uncultivated land was initially difficult, as the shares broke when they tried to plow the dry ground. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. 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STUDY. He believed they could cross Iowa and reach the Missouri River in approximately four to six weeks. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. Created by. During 1846 to 1869, the Mormons were in deep conflict with the Gentiles and the general public. They were seen as a faster, easier, and cheaper way to bring European converts to Salt Lake City. This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Was the second leader of the mormons. On July 29, a large group of the Mormon Battalion entered the valley. A militia and night guard were formed. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. *The Mormon trail was over 1,300 miles long. Non-frontiersmen were quickly transformed into pioneers 5. The central thrust of the book is to lay bare the humanity of the original pioneers, their … Take a tour of the Mormon trail by following this map of The Pioneer Story. [17], The handcart companies continued with more success until 1860, and traditional ox-and-wagon companies also continued for those who could afford the higher cost. [1], Although the movement had split into several denominations after Smith's death in 1844, most members aligned themselves with Brigham Young and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He insisted the Mormons should settle in a place no one else wanted and felt the isolated Great Basin would provide the Saints with many advantages.[4]. KidsKonnect is a growing library of high-quality, printable worksheets for teachers and homeschoolers. The companies left Iowa City, Iowa, in July 1856, very late to begin the trip across the plains. [7], Some of the emigrants established a settlement called Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side of the river. The Mormon Trail was traveled by the Mormon Pioneers between 1845 and 1870. [16], All but two of the handcart companies successfully completed the rugged journey, with relatively few problems and only a few deaths. A few days later, the Carthage Convention called for establishment of a militia that would force them out if they failed to meet the May deadline. The most difficult part of the trek through the Mormon Trail is said to be the final 116 miles from Fort Bridger to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. The Mormon Trail was the route that the Mormons took to their new home in the West in the mid-1800s. Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. The economic status of the participants 3. Inventors looked for ways to speed up the trip on the Oregon Trail. It encompassed parts of five … After the first Mormons started the original trek in 1846, it would be used for trade and transport for about 20 years before the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. You spend an average of 12 hours/week (minimum) involved in Church activities. This included the actions of Missouri Governor Lilburn Boggs, who issued Missouri Executive Order 44, which called for the "extermination" of all Mormons in Missouri. The small boxes affixed to the carts were three to four feet (91 to 122 cm) long and eight inches (20 cm) high. Learn. In the spring of 1847, Young led the vanguard company to the Salt Lake Valley, which was then outside the boundaries of the United States and later became Utah. The journey through the trail route also took longer because of the elderly people and young children. On July 27, Amasa M. Lyman, Sam Brannan, Rodney Badger, and Roswell Stevens arrived into the valley on horseback and probably made their own trail to the camp on City Creek. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. As the next conference gets underway this weekend, here are six facts about U.S. Mormons from Pew Research Center surveys: 1 The LDS church typically places very high importance on families and traditional gender roles. 1. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Write. Mormon Overview. In fact, in 1844, Mormon leader Joseph Smith was killed by a mob, which caused fear to other church members, who soon realized that their settlement in Nauvoo, Illinois, was no longer safe for them. Some later companies used handcarts and traveled by foot. Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints do not drink tea, coffee, alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or take illegal drugs. As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. Almost 3,000 Mormons, with 653 carts and 50 supply wagons, traveling in 10 different companies, made the trip over the trail to Salt Lake City. About the same time, they were joined by 12 more members of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion. The company pushed on through South Pass, rafted across the Green River, and arrived at Fort Bridger on July 7. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. Learn about important points along the Mormon Trail through place descriptions, maps, and journal entries from pioneers who experienced the journey. A new route on the north side of the Platte and North Platte rivers was chosen to avoid potential conflicts over grazing rights, water access, and campsites with travelers using the established Oregon Trail on the river's south side. The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). Guy Nixon shares little known facts about the Mormon Emigrant Trail including a wagon train "gas station". [2], Scouts Erastus Snow and Orson Pratt entered the Salt Lake Valley on July 21. See the fact file below for more information on the Mormon Trail or alternatively, you can download our 20-page The Mormon Trail worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. In 1978 the U.S. National Park Service designated the route a … Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to … 6. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. Therefore, the LDS Church established a revolving fund, known as the Perpetual Emigration Fund, to enable the poor to emigrate. Not being affected by fads or trends. In US history, the Mormon Trail refers to the route taken by the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (more commonly known as Mormons) from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what is now known as the state of Utah. Under the leadership of Brigham Young, the first group of Mormons set out from Nauvoo, to an undetermined destination somewhere in the Great Basin. It encompassed parts of five states, including Illinois, along the Missouri River in. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. 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