When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. 2. The audience considered the villain’s motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. . Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. His favorite hobby is cooking. → Clue. Like a noun, it can perform different functions in a sentence. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. Flying makes me nervous. → Clue. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan … Phrases These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. I don't know whether to include the 'My not' into the gerund phrase... because don't some gerund phrases have pronouns? Is this correct? Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. They can be hard to master, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use one in a given situation. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? A/An _____ phrase uses the present participial form of a verb, along with any modifiers, as a noun, serving as a subject, object, or subject complement. Some examples: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. 62. Eating people is wrong. what is the gerund phrase, and its noun use? . A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. . Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. saves a … Gerunds are tough -- really tough. Buttering toast with a fork = present participle phrase describing Bernard. → Clue. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. I call that (good playing). Like below sentence Would you mind me carrying this bag? Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. 64. A gerund phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement. My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed. I love listening to my favorite band. GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . the gerund is cooking and it acts as a subject complement (or … 'being' doesn't give me progressive feeling in this sentence : It carrys 'habitual or state meaning', I think. Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Shopping is an expensive hobby. 1 Sailing is great fun. Gerund Examples: Singing at the concert excited Sarah. The gerund as the subject. Students often get confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund is often followed by a plural noun. Swimming in the pool is fun. I find myself being unable to resist sweets. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. (1) Verb Phrases (gerund phrases) as Indirect Objects The third grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of indirect object is the verb phrase in the form of present participles . Although we’re quite used to hearing these words and phrases from professors, parents, and potentially everyone around us in their everyday conversations and lectures, it’s exciting to see how famous authors use them in writing stories and plays. A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. (preposition = since) Gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn's favorite activity is reading. Do you need help? 3 Fishing is my hobby. 5 Do you enjoy cooking? 3. There are two complement types used with linking verbs and five complement types with action verbs (counting the option of having no complement as one of the possibilities). THE GERUND AND THE GERUND PHRASE (p.82) . as indirect object 61. The verbs that follows should still be singular! Meanwhile, an English gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun. Cooking costs less than eating out. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Gerund as Subject Complement. This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and how they are used. as objective complement 63. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. *( Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. Hunting lions is dangerous. When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. My not answering her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material. It seems that 'being' is used in the same way as 'carrying'. A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. Hogging the middle of the bed = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the linking verb is. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund, modifier(s) and/or noun(s), pronoun(s) or noun phrase(s) which function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) He gave (going) a lot of consideration. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. ... A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. I love listening. Running marathons is my favorite activity. Reading books on the porch rocks! Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … A gerund phrase is a phrase that consists of a gerund, its object, and any modifiers. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). So I think 'being ' as gerund. I love listening to my favorite band. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. Running marathons is my favorite activity. "In those cases in which the complements are noun phrases, the subject complement shows concord with the subject S, and the object complement is in concord with the direct object, as can be best seen in the examples (16c) and (16h)." Functions in a sentence Because they act like nouns, gerunds can be used as the subject of a sentence, the subject complement of the linking verb be , the object of a preposition, or the object of a verb. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) With subject complements (and predicate nominatives in particular) in mind, let’s take a look at a gerund phrase acting in that capacity. Gerund subjects take a singular verb. Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement … In such a case, the infinitive phrase will follow the now ... complement in a sentence. Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed. → Clue. Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! Unlike gerund phrases, infinitive phrases can be used as adjectives to modify a noun. 4 Smoking is bad for your health. (gerund phrase as the complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. (preposition = in) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. Exercising keeps you healthy. Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. Swimming in the pool is fun. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the bed. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. Reading rocks! Gerunds and gerund phrases are a part of commercial speech, which means you’re likely to find them in many literary works as well. Gerund phrases begin with a gerund. Infinitive phrases only require a comma when the infinitive phrase is used as an adverbial phrase and introduces the main clause. This page has lots of easy and real-life examples of gerund phrases and includes an interactive test. Reference ... As a Subject Complement. one more thing. Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when The Gerund a summary. (gerund phrase as a subject complement) Carlos really enjoys biking through the mountains. Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. This gerund phrase is still singular. 2 She hates staying out at night. A. gerund … The gerund as the object. (Reading is identifying the noun "activity.") A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. . A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. It also shows you how to dissect a gerund phrase into its components. … A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih berperilaku seperti verb ketika berada di dalam frasanya yang disebut gerund phrase, misalnya diikuti direct object jika gerund dibentuk dari transitive verb atau dapat disertai modifier seperti adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase.. contoh gerund dan gerund phrase. Reading rocks! I love listening. 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