The laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. Grows best in alluvial clayey soil… Crop rotation is crucial for onions in the High Desert due to soil pathogens that build up. Crops with medium deep roots are grown in this type of soil e.g. Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of this soil. They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil. Share with your friends. Soil Classification on the Based on Color 1. Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate) Rainfall: 40-45 cm In some areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests. It grows well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,heavy rainfall and humid climate. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Soil Types – Alluvial Soils: Alluvial Soil. The climatic condition of the research station was humid sub-tropical. Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat. 2) Medium deep soil – Soil depth is 22.5 to 45cm. Alluvial soils are most suitable for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize and barley. Selecting the right variety is important in garlic farming. "We know what each farmer grows, thanks to the crop survey. Pulses . ... Only shallow rooted crops are grown in such soil, e.g. The Teme valley around Tenbury Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous for its hops and fruit. The main types of soil in India are as follows: 1) Red soils. Major types of soils in India. Mango, coconut. (v) It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India. Colour: Light Grey to Ash Grey. The sowing season varies from region to region and starts early (April-May) in north India. They have a high moisture retention capacity. Crops with long and deep roots are grown in this type a soil e.g. (iv) It is grown in alluvial and loamy soil. There are 6 major types of soils, and the percentage of each soil is furnished below. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. The pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. Regions – You can find Alluvial soils in most part of the delta regions of Northern India. KHARIF CROPS: Rice Sorghum Pearl millet Maize Cotton Sugar cane Soybean Groundnut Jowar Bajra Sesame Jute RABI CROPS: Wheat Barley Gram Linseed Rapeseed Mustard Tobacco With its good range of climates and soils… Available N, P and K of the soil were 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60. Here are six types of soil and what to grow in each: 1. new alluvial soil with sandy clay loam in texture. I previously lived in the Cascade Mountains. Cashew, coffee, tea, cardamom, pepper, rubber, coconut and other commercial crops are grown in this soil. It is grown as a rainfed crop in the black cotton and medium black soils and as an irrigated crop in alluvial soils. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. New alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Bhangar. The best soil has a balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and others. CROPS GROWN: All types of crops grown in alluvial soils can be grown here but with the extensive external support of water and fertilizers. Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. Coffee: Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil. 4) Alluvial soils. When properly irrigated, the alluvial soils yield splendid crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits. Black Soils: The black soils are also called regur (from the Telugu word Reguda) and black cotton soils because cotton is the most important crop grown on these soils. Black soils are most suitable for the cotton crop. Most of the cotton-growing areas in the country are in the high to medium rainfall zones. • Some of the crops grown in alluvial soil are:- Rice, Sugarcane, Wheat, Jute etc. Pink root and aphids are the main causes of problems. Wheat – (i) Wheat requires a cool growing season. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop. These soil cover more than 35% of the total land in India. Sugar cane, Banana, Gram. Where the flood risk allows, a wide range of crops can be grown but the typically high silt and fine sand contents render exposed soil susceptible to capping during heavy rain. The alluvial soils, wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year. New questions in Social Sciences. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of ideal topographical and soil conditions. It's a largely regional thing. what ae the crops grown in alluvial soil. Nearly any crops can grow in mountain soil. 2. Grams. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute. What is alluvial soil and where is it found? Crops grown in alluvial soil 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help. Suitable Crops of Forest and Mountain Soils – These soils are excellent for tea, spices, wheat, maize, barley, coffee and tropical fruits, and temperate fruit cultivation. Economic value of Laterite – Lateritic Soils. Paddy, Nagli. (ii) It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the Valley of Kashmir, these are largely devoted to paddy, maize and orchards, while in the Jammu plain they are utilized for the cultivation of wheat, gram, pulse, paddy, mustard, barley, sugarcane, oilseeds, potato, bar-seen, vegetation and fodder crops. Learn more about Formation of Soil and Soil Profile here. Thus they are azonal soils. Each soil type has specific characteristics and suitable to grow only certain type of crop. Laterite and lateritic soils provide valuable building material. Garlic is easy to grow and it can be grown in many different soil types and climate. 3) Deep soil – Soil depth is more than 45cm. The crops that can be grown in alluvial soils include wheat, rice, barley, maize,bajra, jowar, pea, pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, soybean, groundnut, mustard, linseed, sesame, sugarcane, jute, cotton and tobacco. Crops such as rice, jute, sugarcane, wheat, cotton, maize, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables are grown in alluvial soil. To be profitable in grapes farming, you need to go with a long-term plan and substantial capital investment. 3) Black soil. A wide variety of crops is grown in these soils. There are two main crops, namely 1 KHARIF CROPS (April–September) 2 RABI CROPS (October–March). It is found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal etc. Soil. Suitable Crops: Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. The intercrops grown were : cowpea (Vigna sinansis)- dwarf type (spacing = … I currently live in the Rocky Mountains. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India. • It can be divided into two parts:- 1. Major Crops Rice Staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Alluvial soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth. Areas: Alluvial soils are widespread in the northern plains and the river valleys. ALLUVIAL SOIL • Alluvial soil is seen in many parts of the country. Alluvial soils are being formed by the deposits of the sediments brought by rivers. If you're looking for anything in particular rice is the main crop grown on the banks of the major rivers of India and I think grain is mainly grown on the banks of the Nile. Brainly User Brainly User crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco,cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits are very much suited for growing in alluvial soil. Loamy, sandy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation. Texture: Sandy to silty loam or clay. Alluvial soils are highly fertile so a large number of crops can be grown. Suitable Crops of Alluvial Soils ... Crops grown in these soils need the addition of the right fertilizers. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil for better crops. Application of nitrogen through side-dressing to the growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen application. Alluvial Soils. These soils are deficient in nitrogen (N), phosphorus and organic matter. Farmers usually have local agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing crops. The red color of soil is due to the presence of iron oxide. well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate. The Soils in the district are made up of Alluvial, Black regur and Red ferruginous besides a small belt of erinaceous sandy soils along coastal belt. Needs high temperature, rainfall and humidity. Mountain soil tends to be rich. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Vegetables also grow well in this soil. Desert Soil. 2) Laterites and lateritic soil. When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc. It is a tropical crop which is grown well in alluvial plains and river deltas. Then, we have soil health details -- red soil, black soil, alluvial soil and so on. It also needs an abundant supply of cheap labour. 4. Which crops can grow in mountain soil? Loam … Such soil is very fertile. 7. Garlic is a high yield crop and garlic farming can be initiated with small startup capital, provided you have sufficient land. Black soils (Vertisols) Black soils are very dark and have a very high clay content. Alluvial soil: Mostly available soil in India (about 43%) which covers an area of 143 sq.km.Widespread in northern plains and river valleys.In peninsular-India, they are mostly found in deltas and estuaries. Care should be exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination. Formation: They are mainly derived from the debris brought down from the Himalayas or the silt left out by the retreating sea. It requires a mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep fertile alluvial soil for its growth. 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